Friday, July 18, 2014

Elapsed Time is Hard for 3rd Graders!

Even after teaching elapsed time for years, it remains one of the hardest topics for 3rd graders to master. Working with multiples of 5, distinguishing between hours and minutes, a.m and p.m., and suddenly 60 is the new whole. 

Luckily, my old teaching partner and I came up with a new strategy for keeping track of elapsed time. As long as kids can count by 1's and 5's, they can do this!




Each mountain represents 1 hour and each molehill represents 5 minutes. Each single tick mark represents 1 minute. So, students count off hours, then 5-minute intervals, then single minutes. After they've reached the finish time, they can easily go back and count up the hours and minutes. 

Some teachers may be using this but I don't know if everyone knows about this so I made a unit just for this skill called Elapsed Time -Mountains and Molehills on TPT.  Check it out - if you have time:)  Elapsed Time Using a Time Line




Penny


Friday, August 9, 2013

Large Numbers and Famous Paintings

I was having an interesting discussion with a few teachers about getting students to understand the value of large numbers. At 3rd grade, any number beyond 4 digits becomes an exercise in abstract art. They have tens, hundreds, and thousands pretty well, but really haven't had a lot of experience with more and unless you can count it, even by 100,000's, you really can't quantify it.

I began to think about my own experiences with this. My family played a lot of board games when we were youngsters and one I remember vividly was called "Masterpiece". It was a game that involved selling and buying famous paintings. There would be auctions where you could purchase paintings, hoping to secure the one worth $1,000,000. Some were worth as little as $150,000, some more. The money came in denominations of $50,000/$100,000/$500,00 and $1,000,000. We had to make change and I think this is where I became familiar with 5 and 6-digit numbers-easily, without thinking about it.

Many fond memories of buying and selling famous paintings


It was that great juxtaposition where math meets necessity. It is what we try to give children in the classroom. Effortlessly using math to do, to create, to solve, to communicate, to advance.

Not only did I gain experience with large numbers, but who can forget Edward Hopper's Night Hawks, Edgar Degas' The Dance Class, or Grant Wood's American Gothic?

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

The "What is and What Isn't" Game

I recently chatted with a college math professor. He mentioned that there was one thing elementary teachers could do that would help secondary teachers out tremendously. My ears perked up and I waited in anticipation to what we could do better, faster, higher, or harder  to help our students prepare for college.

It turns out, that in a standardized math test given to secondary students, one question that many students "bombed" was a quite simple question about pentagons. When shown many different examples of pentagons, students were asked to identify which ones were, indeed, pentagons. So many students answered incorrectly that it came to the attention of college professors.

It would seem that somewhere along the line, students learned that a pentagon has five sides and looks like a house. Relying on a past visual experience, students began to correlate a pentagon to a familiar shape instead of using the properties of a pentagon to identify it.


A 3rd grade activity I use to make sure students are focusing on the properties of shapes and not just the memorizing the visual picture.


Obviously we need to spend more time and bring out more examples while focusing on the properties of these shapes, but it got me to think about other instances in which students need more exposure to concepts and properties so they can reason more effectively.

This was the beginning of the "What is and What Isn't" game we do in the classroom. I have extended it beyond geometric shapes. Here are some areas that students have to identify and explain their thinking:

"What is and What Isn't" an improper fraction?
"What is and What Isn't" a mixed number?
"What is and What Isn't" an obtuse/acute/right angle?
"What is and What Isn't" a ruler?
"What is and What Isn't" a quadrilateral?
"What is and What Isn't" a 2-D and 3-D shape?
"What is and What Isn't" subtraction and multiplications strategies that work?
"What is and What Isn't" an equivalent fraction?
 

Wednesday, May 29, 2013

A Rich Problem For Third Graders

8 pieces
8 pieces
4 pieces









Last week I wrote a story problem on the board for morning work. I am always looking for ways to stretch my students' thinking, to develop their conceptual knowledge and to get them actively problem solving as much as possible.

The problem read like this: Henry had 4 pizzas. They were all the same size. He cut each one into eight pieces. He ate 20 pieces. How much of the four pizzas did he eat?

Students dutifully drew the pizzas out and divided them into eighths. They carefully shaded in 2 pizzas (16 pieces) and 4 pieces of the next pizza.

Here is where is got interesting. When asked how much of the four pizzas Henry ate, a student answered: 2 1/2. Another student answered 20/32.

Students began to look at me with the "O.K. so what is the right answer?" look. This was tricky, since the question wasn't how much pizza did Henry eat (2 1/2) but how much of the total pizza did he eat?

I wanted students to do the math thinking and to really use everything they knew about fractions to help them understand the different answers and the difference between the two questions.

We made some assumptions "Yes, there are 2 1/2 pizzas shaded in. Yes, Henry started with 4 pizzas, or 32 pieces. Yes, the question is asking how much of the all four pizzas did he eat."

I began asking questions. When we want to show the fraction of something shaded in, what does the denominator represent?  Lets do that. I also stopped at this point and drew 4 rectangles side by side, divided into eighths. I shaded in 20 parts. We formulated a fraction for this picture. We went back to the pizza problem.
Suddenly a light bulb went on: A student raised her hand. "OHHHHHHH, when we said 2 1/2, we were only looking at the pizzas shaded in. We didn't count the unshaded pizza.

We went on to have a great discussion about what the question was really asking. These opportunities for rich discussions don't come up every day, but I love it when they happen!

Friday, May 10, 2013

New Toy

A new I-Pad. Yippee! It is almost permanently glued to my hand by now. What a fun toy. Just another example of how the tech world anticipates our "needs" before we realize what they are.

I'm always on the lookout for new apps that would benefit students and teachers. I really like the app Little Monkey Apps. There are different modules that include: place value, teaching graphs, missing numbers, fractions, coordinates, mystery number, number lines, early division, ten frames and subitizing. They cost money but may be worth it if you use the I-Pad for centers.
 
Mine is white and silver






Saturday, April 13, 2013

Summer Review

I can already feel summer coming on in spite of the cool, wet days we have been having lately in the Northwest. Once spring break is done with, it seems like we arrive back to school ready for the final "home stretch" before testing. Once testing is done, it's not long before the final day arrives and the classroom empties out for the last time.

But not so fast.... what about those students you worry about? You know - the ones that struggle throughout the year, and finally get it (tentatively). Then summer comes and they enter the world of I'M PLAYING AND SPENDING TIME WITH MY FAMILY AND I'M NOT THINKING ABOUT SCHOOL, OR THINGS LIKE MULTIPLICATION, HOW TO FIND AREA, OR THE ATTRIBUTES OF A TRAPEZOID.

With the new Common Core standards, we just don't have time to spend the first 4 weeks in Sept reviewing.  It's pretty much hang onto your hats and go!

A couple of parents requested some resources that they could spend time with their children at home over summer break so I decided to put together a "fun" book of most things learned in 3rd grade math. I designed the pages to take 20 minutes a day and to be visually pleasing. Here is a finished pic.


Sunday, March 10, 2013

Something New For Spring



My husband and I were celebrating our anniversary at the Skamania Lodge in the Columbia Gorge last weekend. We were enjoying the view when suddenly my cell phone started making noises. A lot of noises. I was curious and checked it. I saw about 8 notices that I had feedback for a "freebie" product I have on Teachers Pay Teachers. Wow! I realized at that moment I had made it into the weekly newsletter and many people were downloading it and leaving feedback.

A week later, and 15,000 people (yes, that is fifteen thousand) have downloaded it. It was a wake-up call for me about the power of the Internet. I was very energized to start working on a follow-up product for 2nd grade since so many teachers had commented that they really needed activities that reinforce number sense and place value.

I just posted my latest series of 4 activities that will get students playing, learning and becoming adept with numbers.

Racing Into Spring
Link to Racing Into Spring on Teachers Pay Teachers



 
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